Maximize the Rule of Three: Brand-Building for Presentations

Effective business presenters limit their topics to three simple subjects because the human brain can only remember up to seven pieces of information.

The late Steve Jobs limited almost all of his presentations to three subjects for easier recall. This could be seen in his introduction of the iPhone in 2007 as Apple’s “third product category” (with the Macintosh and iPod as the first two).

Getting the Most of this Rule:

This rule goes beyond stating three facts and expounding on them. Think of your pitch as the brand you’ll advertise to your clients. According to InterBrand group chief executive Chuck Brymer, before you can even begin to establish your three subjects for it, you need to fulfill three requirements among the notable qualities of great brands :

1. A Compelling Idea

Successful brands capture a customer’s attention and loyalty because they fill a need people didn’t know they had.

In the 2007 iPhone introduction, Steve Jobs announced that his company was reinventing the phone. Putting the iPod with the dial-wheel image aside, it was a compelling idea that immediately hooked everyone. According to Jobs, all smartphones at that time had fixed keypads and relied on a stylus. The iPhone only needed a touch screen to operate and had the competitors’ enhanced capabilities.

This was the reinvention that he pitched and elaborated. From a presenter’s perspective, having this kind of idea will form a foundation for your three points to build themselves later on.

2. A Core Purpose and Supporting Points

What does your brand promise and how does it deliver that? The Apple iPhone was made as a reinvention, but it was also supported by three distinct capabilities: those of the iPod, the phone, and an internet communicator, all with an easy-to-use interface.

Regardless of the product and the intended customers, this second attribute remains consistent. Once you establish these factors, use your supporting points as your information for the three-subject rule.

3. An Organizational Principle

How do you organize your PowerPoint to deliver your pitch? While brands use this attribute as levers for their business decisions, it lets presenters determine two things:

  1. If your presentation techniques are in line with your idea’s purpose or not.
  2. If your presentation style will leave a positive impression on your audience.

This attribute determines if your pitch will sell. The trick is to maintain an appropriate speech tone and keep your PowerPoint’s content and design consistent.


Planning your pitch can spell the difference between an approved proposal and a rejected one.

Clients need to remember enough of your presentations to consider investing in it.

Define what your idea is, what you want to do with it and how you want to show it. Use these three attributes to stay consistent with your topic.



Applying the Rule of Three to Your Presentations.” SlideGenius, Inc. May 5, 2014. Accessed May 12, 2015.
Brymer, Chuck. “WHAT MAKES BRANDS GREAT?Marketing Magazine. Accessed May 12, 2015.
Steve Jobs introduces iPhone in 2007YouTube. Accessed May 12, 2015.

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